Weed types: Sativa vs Indica
Generally speaking we can distinguish two main categories and types of weed plants, namely Sativa and Indica. To help you in your final choice we will provide you with some background information about their origins, their characteristics and their effects when smoking.
Indica weed plants are the smaller of the weed plants. They usually stay under 6 feet (or 180 centimeters). The leaves of an Indica weed plant are normally small and thick with broad leaf fingers. The color of the leaves varies from dark and deep green to purple. Often Indica weed plant leaves become more and darker purple as they reach their maturity. The buds of an Indica plant are usually thick and dense. They mature around the beginning of September. Also the buds vary from deep green to deep purple depending on their maturity. Indica weed plants are ideal to grow in colder climates or under colder cultivation room conditions. For the origins of the plant we would advice you to go on reading this article.
Next to the Indica weed plant, we also have the weed plants which can be categorized under the Sativa main weed plant category. A Sativa weed plant is much taller than its Indica counterpart and it can reach heights ranging from 8ft to even 12ft (240 cm to 360 cm). Some even surpass 25 ft or 750 cm. The Indica leaves can be recognized by their long and thin finger leaves. The color of the leaves varies from light green to yellowish, although there are also darker green variants. Also the buds of an Indica weed plant are long and thin. These buds become reddish or purple as they reach their maturity. Although also the leaves of the Indica plants are smoked, smokers have strong a preference for the high-quality top of the plant. Midwestern varieties of the Indica weed plant mature around August or September, while their equatorial Indica counterparts reach their maturity between November and January.
Although in the world of weed a clear distinction is made between Indica and Sativa weed, scientologists have not yet been able to make a clear distinction between both plant species. It is not clear yet if these two plants originate from a completely different background and genus or whether they do have some overlapping species background. Regardless of this still unanswered question, it is very clear that when mankind started to discover the curative and stimulating cerebral effects of weed there already were two clearly distinguishable lines. The Indica weed line grew in the wild and was cultivated in the southern Asian en Indian area in countries like Afghanistan, India, Tibet, Nepal and Pakistan. The Sativa weed line for its part originates from several countries around the equator like Jamaica, Thailand, Venezuela and Colombia. Although first growing in the wild, both lines were finally discovered by mankind and were originally grown in vegetable gardens for specific uses. Before mass production and internationalization Sativa was used by the local inhabitants for personal smoking and Indica was used to make hashish and kif. Some hundreds to thousands of years later only Sativa and Indica found their way into the hippie culture. This was the start of their inevitable globalization. Luckily for all us!
Not only there is a clear origin and physical difference between both Sativa and Indica, there is also a difference in effect. The general saying goes: “Sativa gets you high while Indica gets you stoned.” When smoking weed which has a mainly Sativa background you will immediately notice a very clear, cheerful and lively cerebral high, while smoking weed with a mainly Indica background on the other hand will more likely give you a so-called skunk, lazy and feel good stoned feeling. When smoking crossed weed you will get a crossed mixture of feelings. Depending on the ratio of Indica and Sativa you will mainly become high or stoned.
Weed types: Hybrid weed plants
A hybrid weed plant is a weed plant that has been crossed by using a Sativa male plant and an Indica female plant or vice versa. When shopping for weed plants or weed plant seeds there is a very big chance your seeds or plants will be hybrid ones. Most amateur growers and also large part of the professional growers only have hybrid weeds plants. Also most weed type categories have a hybrid background. Most of the time hybrid weed is somewhat more complex in the effect it causes. Perfectly understandable of course if you know a hybrid weed plant is a mix of two other plants.
But why would one start crossing two totally different types of weed plants? The answer is very simple. As with so many plants and even animals the only reason to start crossing weed plants is to make them better or to adapt them to your personal preferences and desires. A hybrid weed plant in fact combines the best of both worlds. Depending to which one your personal preference goes out to of course. Weed plant professionals and experts have looked at the typical characteristics of different Indica and Sativa strains and crossed the best ones to create super strains. These super strains possess the best of both parents. As said before, the best is of course a very subjective aspect. Therefore the ratio Indica Sativa is often altered to create new weed plant types with other characteristics and effects. Hybrid weed plants will in any case be Sativa or Indica dominant and this will also show in the effects of smoking that particular weed.
A common misconception, for sure among beginning amateur smokers, is the fact hybrid weed plants would endanger your health and have unpleasant side effect. Hybrid weed is no more dangerous or no unhealthier than any other weed. Hybrid weed might cause a stronger effect when smoking it for the first time, but that’s it. The chance you are already smoking hybrid weed is by the way very big.
Weed types: Some weed subcategories described
When choosing weed one should first determine whether he or she would prefer to cultivate its weed indoors or outdoors. Next it is matter of choosing weed with your favourite aroma, effect and taste. To give you some ideas of the main subcategories of weed we have listed some of the most popular types of weed below. From one shop to another or from one weedfarm to another there might be subtle differences in these characteristics we describe.
- White Widow: White Widow is the first weed type. It is the first white weed plant that made its entry during the nineties of last century. White Widow typically has a fast growth with large buds and even more important a large THC production. Generally White Widow has a Sativa high. This means you get extremely high from it and it tastes divinely. Consequently White Widow is also one of the more expensive weed plants to buy for a grower. White Widow is ideally cultivated indoors and has many subtypes like White Widow Royal Queen, White Widow Greenhouse, White Widow Kulu,…
- Skunk: The second weed type we would briefly like to introduce is skunk. Skunk weed is or was the first real and successful hybridization between Indica and Sativa. The energy and vigour of this weed plant are notorious! Therefore powerful marijuana is often referred to as being skunk and it has become a general term, while in fact the term skunk originally refers to only one of the weed plant types. Skunk itself is also often crossed with other types of weed plants. Skunk weed gives the smoker a very strong punch. Preferably skunk is grown outdoors or in a cultivation box. Some of the most common examples of skunk weed are Skunk Dutch Passion and Skunk Royal Queen.
- Northern Lights: Northern Lights is undeniably one of the most smoked weed types in a country like The Netherlands. It is one of the major weed plant types which has been cross-fertilized with a lot of other weed plant types. Northern Lights originates from the American state of California and made its crossing from the US to the European mainland in the 60’s of the 20th Northern lights was the basis of most Dutch weed types. This weed plant type yields big and large buds which are almost always covered with small crystals. These buds have a very high THC production (up to 39%). This weed plant type is mainly cultivated indoors because of its limited growth. Northern Lights plants rarely grow higher than 1,5 metres (5 ft). Nevertheless its weed production is very high and therefore it is one of the most favourite and most lucrative weed plants for a grower.
- Hawaiian skunk weed: Although being a subtype of skunk, this weed plant can be categorized as a weed plant type on its own because of its popularity and typical characteristics. This type of weed has been crossed with some skunk strains to increase the effect and also the bud size. This weed gives you a very remarkable high when smoking. The yield of a Hawaiian skunk weed plant is also many times higher than the yield of its original ancestor, the normal skunk plant. Preferably grown indoors.
- Haze: Haze weed has its origins in California, although some claim it to be Jamaican, and is a crossing of Mexican, Thai and Jamaican weed. Haze weed is a tall weed plant type with a lot of goldish narrow leaves. Haze weed has a long flowering period (about 14 weeks) and a fair bud yield. The buds itself though are very powerful and potent. Haze weed is especially popular amongst medicinal users. Haze weed is one of the most cultivated weed types in Jamaica and is therefore also referred to as being Bob Marley’s Favourite. Preferably they are cultivated outdoors because this weed plant type can reach remarkable heights and it needs space to grow. An example of Haze weed is Super Silver Haze Greenhose
- Durban Poison: Durban poison is a crystallized weed plant which is a crossing of White Widow and Northern Lights. The weed plant itself has mostly got a very bushy appearance with a lot of slender but large buds. It smells very sweet and candy and gives the smoker a very nice cerebral high. The leaves are covered by THC and the weed causes a slightly delayed effect. Preferably Durban Poison weed is grown outdoors.
- Mauwie Mauwie: Mauwie mauwie weed has a Sativa background, which has been crossed with some of the best skunk weed types. Mauwie mauwie weed plants are very lanky, large weed plants which can reach heights up to 175 cm. The effects of smoking mauwie mauwie are those of Sativa combined with the citrus smell of skunk. Mauwie mauwie originates from Hawai and can be cultivated as well indoors as outdoors.
- Purple Haze: Purple haze can be recognized by the marvellous purple buds. Buds that produce a very special and typical smell and taste when smoking them. It will also cause a very energetic punch. This plant has got a mainly Sativa background. This is one of the most stable plants in the weed world and is ideal to be grown in colder climates like the Northern and Central European climates.
Weed types: Medicinal weed
The use of weed for medical purposes can be described as the use of weed to serve as a medicine or at least as an herbal therapy. Weed has been used for ages as a form of medicine. Some evidence of the medical use of weed dates back to 2.737 BC. Although in most countries weed for medical use is still forbidden and illegal, there are several countries which do allow weed to be used as a medicine. These countries include Canada, The Netherlands, Spain, Germany, Italy and Finland. The use of medical weed in the US varies from one state to another.
Although some might claim weed only has negative effects and weed only harms the body, it has been scientifically proven that the use of weed also has a lot of beneficial effects which might help people suffering from a certain disease, disorder or feeling. Let’s take a look at when weed might be a good alternative treatment or additional treatment to treat certain diseases.
- Alzheimer: According to several scientific researches weed has the power and the active ingredient THC which to a certain extent limits the formation of malignant substances which are the main cause of Alzheimer. The so-called substance we are referring to is in fact the enzyme acetylcholinesterase. Weed’s active ingredient will slow down the Alzheimer process by blocking this particular enzyme.
- Lung cancer: One of the most surprising medicinal effects is for sure the fact that weed might protect one’s body against pulmonary diseases like lung cancer. Back into the last century it was commonly believed smoking weed would only increase the risk on developing cancer. Nonetheless some recent studies pretend the active component THC or tetrahydrocannabinol seems to help removing death cells before they turn into possibly malignant cells which cause cancer. So weed seems to have an even protective function when talking about lung cancer. THC would also prevent and reduce the chance for lung cancer to spread. In all fairness we do have to admit that the combination of smoking tobacco and cannabis increases the chance of having cancer of any form.
- Breast cancer: A 2007 Californian study stated the positive effects of the weed ingredient cannabidiol. Cannabidiol is believed to limit the spreading of breast cancer and to even form a painless alternative for chemotherapy.
- HIV: Some studies showed a dual benefit of smoking weed for HIV or AIDS patients. First of all weed seems to increase the food intake while secondly it is already longer known that marijuana ingredients reduce neuropathic pain which is so typical for HIV patients. Smoking weed might therefore be the ideal pain relief option for these patients, increasing their quality of life and their daily functioning.
- Brain cancer: Next to breast and lung cancer, smoking weed also seems to have a positive curing effect on brain cancer. The active weed components called cannabinoids stimulate a process called autophagy. This process reduces the number of brain cancer cells because they start eating themselves, making the brain cancer tumor to shrink.
- MS or multiple sclerosis: Cannabinoids, which can be found in marijuana, provide neuroprotective and inflammatory benefits for MS patients. Muscle spasticity, one of the main side effects of multiple sclerosis reduces when smoking weed.
Next to all the above benefits, smoking weed has also proven to be efficient against vomiting, pain in general, migraine, bowel disease, neurogenic pain, asthma, insomnia, lack of appetite, alcohol abuse, epilepsy, dystonia, arthritis, atherosclerosis, depression, hepatitis C and many more.
One must know that although the criticism, marijuana, weed or whatever you like to call it has enough scientifical evidence to be considered beneficial and even legitimate for medicinal use. Smoking marijuana does cause side effects of course but one should wonder though if the possible ‘disadvantages’ can equal out the many benefits of smoking weed.
Weed types: Autoflowering weed
Something new on the weed market are the so-called autoflowering weed plants. But what is an autoflowering weed plant? Well to start with I believe it would be beneficial the normal flowering process of for example Indica and Sativa weed plants. Their flowering period depends on the so-called photoperiod of the sun, or the amount of hours of sun the plants are exposed to on a daily basis. This basically means weed plants will grow as much as possible during the summer months when days are long and sunny and will go into flowering mode when the days get shorter and darker. A full cycle to go from seeds over growing to flowering therefore in most cases takes several months. This is the normal non-autoflowering weed plant cycle. Next to these type of plants though a new type of plant has been developed, namely the autoflowering weed plant. This type of weed plant doesn’t focus on the amount of light to grow and flower, but it just starts to flower after a certain number of weeks, irrespective the amount of photoperiod hours it will get on a daily basis. The exact flowering differs from one autoflowering seed and plant to another, but most of the time autoflowering weed plants start to flower between 8 to 12 weeks after the germination of the seed.
Using autoflowering weed plants and seeds has certain advantages but also a number of clear disadvantages. Let’s take a look at both of them. First the advantages of using autoflowering weed:
- No need to worry about the amount of light. Your weed plant can be exposed to 24 hours or for example to 18 hours of light without having an effect on the bud production.
- You will be able to harvest your weed very quickly in comparison to a normal weed growth process. Weed bud harvesting will be possible between 8 and 12 weeks after the seed germination.
- Because lighting will not have to be changed during the growing and flowering period there is no need to have a separate grow and flower box or room.
- Most autoflowering seeds and plants are not that expensive.
Next are the disadvantages of using autoflowering weed plants or seeds.
- It is almost impossible to clone autoflower weed plants due to the very short lifespan of the plant.
- Growing autoflowering plants isn’t that self-evident. It requires a specific growing technique and sufficient experience. You can only pick something up as you go along of course. Perseverance overcomes all things!
- The height of your weed plants is a lot lower than with non-autoflowering weed plants because the plants have almost no time to establish themselves and to fully develop. Autoflowering weed plants reach an average height of 12 inches or 30 cm.
- Because of the limited height also the bud yield is rather low.
- Preferably autoflowering weed is grown outdoors. Although the light should have an influence we believe it is still the best to grow according to the normal photoperiod.
- Some of the autoflowering weed plants might get very stinky. The smell depends from one type of autoflowering weed to another though.
Among the most popular auto flowering weed seeds and plants are Lowryder, Snowrider, Automatic, Guerrilla’s Gusto, Lowberry and Little Red Ryderhood